fir tree facts

Each needle grows singly from the branch. The tops of the leaves are dark green and shiny but the underside is a silver-blue color that inspires the nickname of … The Fraser Fir is the only fir tree indigenous to the Great Smoky Mountains , and it’s found only in Southern Appalachia at elevations above 3,900 feet . The tree was surrounded by some controversy during construction—the local Catholic archbishop thought it was a waste of money (about $80,000) that should have gone to charity—and it ultimately didn't stay up for long. also necessary for fir tree growth. Concolor Fir Tree Pictures. Fir is any of the species of conifers belonging to the genus Abies included in the Pinaceae (or pine) family. As the tree ages, more blisters develop and ooze balsam, an oily resin. Fraser fir trees are widely used as Christmas trees. They are evergreen trees (they keep their needle-like leaves all year). Abies spectabilis or Talispatra is used in Ayurveda as an antitussive drug. The root system of the fir tree also helps to prevent soil erosion. The hanging oblong Fir trees in excess of 400 years old have been recorded in several species, and noble firs 600 to 700 years old are known. Fir branches are used for purifying and warding off ghosts in some Salish and other Northwest Indian rituals. A fungal malady, grey mold wilts these shoots and dries them up. Here is some general information on the douglas-fir tree. Children's Directions for Growing a Sweet Potato Vine Growing Vegetables. A variety of grades of veneer are manufactured which are generally used for construction. The Grand Fir. Lifespan: 500 years. Fraser Fir is a uniformly, pyramid-shaped tree. Tree Facts for Kids. Pines produce resin that flows from the injured bark. Dig the fertilizer into the soil around the tree, then water well. Firs grow best in areas of high elevation in well-drained, moist soil. The average lifespan of Abies balsamea is about 150 to 200 years. Its needles are used for producing essential oil that helps in treating rheumatism. These large trees, although closely related to cedars, can be distinguished from other conifers by their soft cones that perch upright like candles. Being a member of the pine family and having flat needle-like leaves are some common balsam fir tree facts. The genus Abies includes 48-56 species of true firs that are classified into nine extant sections and one extinct section. Trees are tall plants made of wood. The species' fragrance, shape, strong limbs, and ability to retain its soft needles for a long time when cut (which do not prick easily when hanging ornaments) make it one of the best trees for this purpose. Full sunlight and plenty of water are This stiffly pyramidal evergreen is also known as Colorado fir. Fraser fir is a uniformly pyramid-shaped tree which reaches a maximum height of about 80 feet and a diameter of 1-1.5 feet. How to Propagate a Cyclamen Plant Growing Flowers. In the wild this tree can live 100 years and longer but outside of its normal range one could expect 40 or more years to be an old tree. Parts of the Himalayan fir can be used for producing incense. Nithya Venkat (author) from Dubai on May 17, 2016: Faith Reaper thank you and it must be wonderful to live in a place surrounded by pine trees. Douglas firs are not true firs, being of the genus Pseudotsuga. Mature cones are usually brown, young in summer can be green, yellow, purple, blue or dark purple-blue. Wood Products: This tree’s lumber is excellent for construction. It was dismantled in 2017 when folks realized it looked more like a rocket than a fir tree. Old fir trees have thick, ridged bark, and younger firs have thin, smooth bark. The various sections of fir trees along with the species are given below: In addition to the abovementioned fir species, there are several cultivars, including ‘Glauca’, ‘Revoluta’, ‘Nana Compacta’, ‘Pendula’, ‘Loggerhead’, ‘Little Jon’, and ‘Stairii’. Cylindrical cones are 5–25 centimeters (2–10 inches) long. deciduous tree widely distributed across the United States. Read on and have fun learning a range of interesting information about trees. Douglas-fir is the English name applied in common to evergreen coniferous trees of the genus Pseudotsuga in the family Pinaceae. Fir tree identification. They are found through much of North and Central America, Europe, Asia, and North Africa, occurring in mountains over most of the range. It’s properties include being an antiseptic, antitussive, Deodorant, disinfectant and expectorant. The grand fir is considered one of the tallest and fastest-growing fir species. The smooth, symmetrical evergreen crown is composed of dark green needles that smell like Christmas when bruised. Plains Indian tribes commonly burn fir needles as incense, and northern Algonquian tribes bundled spruce and fir needles into sachets or herbal pillows to protect against illness. Interesting Facts. Its needles are used for producing essential oil that helps in treating rheumatism. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It exhibits a relatively dense, dark-green, pyramidal crown with a slender spire-like tip. All rights reserved. T. Davis Sydnor, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org. The combination of form, dark green color, strong branches and pleasant scent has led to Fraser Fir being one of the most popular Christmas tree species. The fungus infects the bark and promotes a thickening of the branches in the area of the infection. There are five species, two in western North America, one in Mexico, and two in eastern Asia. It is also used to make stuffing for pillows and mattresses in some countries. Firs grow best in areas of high elevation in well-drained, moist soil. The Noble Fir tree has a reputation for staying fresh for an extended period. Articles. White fir tree is a classic American beauty native to the Rocky Mountains. It exhibits a relatively dense, dark-green, pyramidal crown with a slender spire-like tip. Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w ----- Balsam Fir Tree Facts. The spreading branches, drooping at the ends, bear flattened, lance-shaped leaves about 6 … A member of the pine family, white fir does well in cool, humid environments in Midwestern, East Coast, and Pacific coastal gardens. Strong branches are turned slightly upward which gives the tree a compact appearance. https://www.thoughtco.com/identify-the-firs-1341855, https://www.thespruce.com/twelve-species-of-fir-trees-3269663, https://oregonstate.edu/trees/conifer_genera/ spp/ true_fir_spp.html, https://www.cabi.org/isc/abstract/  20093311542, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/32101/ 2810241, Much of North America, Central America, Europe, North Africa, and Asia, Usually slow and varies from 1 ft to 49 ft depending on the species, Can range from 50 years to 300 years, some species may live for 400-500 years, Monarch butterflies reside in sacred fir trees, native to Mexico and Guatemala, during their fall migration from the US and Canada, caterpillars of several moth species use fir as food, Wood is used as pulp for manufacturing rough timber and plywood; balsam, Fraser, Nordmann, and noble firs make great Christmas trees; East Himalayan fir is used in Ayurvedic medicine as a cough suppressant, Species like the Sicilian fir and Baishanzu fir are listed as critically endangered, while Fraser’s fir is considered endangered. Leaves (needles) are flattened, dark-green with a medial groove on the upper side and two broad silvery-white bands on the lower surface. Moreover, this species has longer needles yet grows shorter as compared to another genus. Like other evergreens, fir trees are associated with protection and spirituality in many Native American tribes. This evergreen plant has small to medium sizes and deluges in northern region forests of the Adirondacks. swalia thank you and am glad you came to know more through this hub. A tea made by green fir needles in boiling water is high in vitamins A and C. Firs are used as food plants by the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera species. How to Grow Sea Buckthorn Trees. Douglas Fir Trees, Facts & Information on the Douglas Fir Tree. By: John Lindell 21 September, 2017. snow covered trees image by Julianna Olah from Fotolia.com. Balsam Fir Tree Facts. Large trees generally require no fertilizer, but you can always dig a bit of well-rotted manure or compost into soil. The China fir may grow to a height of 50 metres (160 feet), with a circumference of about 5.5 metres (18 feet); it is covered with fragrant, reddish brown bark that is shed in long strips. One of the nine sacred woods of used for a sabbat fire the Druids held the fir in high esteem. Each yellow- or blue-green needle is borne singly and has a short stalk at the base and a grooved upper surface. The concolor firs have a shallow and widespread root system, which makes them vulnerable to “windthrow”. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Deer will eat this species when other preferred browse is unavailable. The leaves are like needles. Wood of most firs is considered unsuitable for general timber use, and is often used as pulp or for the Fir needles are bright green to blue-green on the top and white or silvery green on the bottom. Parts of the Himalayan fir can be used for producing incense. The plant is found growing in mountain slopes, glaciated uplands as well as on alluvial flats, peat lands, swamps, forests and wetland margins. The evergreen needles measure 1 inch in length and feature rounded tips. Canaan fir, also called West Virginia balsam fir, is a little known tree that is native to isolated pockets in the mountains of West Virginia and Virginia. and rheumatism. The needles are the most important part of this plant, as that is where the active ingredients and powerful chemical compounds are located. They are flat and usually have rounded tips. Firs are monoecious (both sexes) and produces female cones high in the crown, and clusters of male cones in a zone below. There are about 56 species of fir in the world. Interesting Facts. Indicative of the taxonomic confusion about this tree, the scientific genus name Pseudotsuga means “false hemlock,” alluding to yet another kind of tree somewhat similar to this unique but important tree. Unfortunately, resin is highly flammable and it The concolor fir was first found by William Lobb during 1849-1853 when he was on his way to explore California. © 2021 (Coniferous Forest). Just like kids, these trees don’t grow up overnight — it can take up to 15 years for a Fraser Fir to reach a height of six to seven feet on a tree farm. Full sunlight and plenty of water are also necessary for fir tree growth. Winter buds are brown, shiny, and pointed. First described in 1768, balsam fir is a medium-sized tree generally reaching 40-60 feet in height and 1-1 1/2 feet in diameter. Douglas-Firs are very large trees. Since the Fraser fir is similar to the balsam fir in appearance, it is referred to as ‘she-balsam’. The Douglas Fir also goes by names such as red fir, Oregon pine, and Douglas spruce. How to Root Loropetalum Cuttings Shrubs. The mighty Douglas fir is native to the Pacific Northwest, growing in coastal forests from British Columbia to northern California. Resin blisters can be seen on the otherwise smooth bark of the tree. The genus name, Pseudotsuga means “false hemlock,” yet another tree that it is similar to. Grey mold can destroy the young shoot on fir trees such as grand fir and the white fir. They are large trees, reaching heights from 10 to 80 meters (33 to 262 feet) tall and trunk diameters from 0.5 to 4 meters (1 ft 8 in to 13 ft 1 in) when mature. Cones hang from the branches and can approach 5 inches long. Several fir species, including the balsam fir, are used as ornamental trees. Nordmann fir, noble fir, Fraser fir and balsam fir are popular Christmas trees, generally considered to be the best for this purpose, with aromatic foliage that does not shed many needles on drying out. Learn how tall trees can grow, how long they can live, how they help us breathe, what wood can be used for, what tree roots do and much more. Bur oak has several desirable attributes including strong branches, drought tolerance, winter hardiness, and freedom from serious insects or diseases. Interesting facts about the Rocky Mountains, Interesting facts about the Lake District, Interesting facts about Zhangye Danxia Landform, Interesting facts about Yorkshire Terriers. Firs are long-lived, on average achieving reproductive maturity at 20 years, with an average life-span of 60 years. Updated: February 2, 2017. I always enjoy examining them and learning more about them. Like so many popular essential oils, fir needle essential is extracted through a process of steam distillation from fir needles. Fir trees can be anywhere from 17 feet (5 meters) to 200 feet (60 meters) tall when fully grown. Abies procera, the noble fir, also called red fir and Christmas tree, is a western North American fir, native to the Cascade Range and Coast Range mountains of extreme northwest California and western Oregon and Washington in the United States.It is a high-altitude tree, typically occurring at 300–1,500 m (980–4,920 ft) altitude, only rarely reaching the tree line This makes firs different from pines, which have needles that grow in bundles. Unlike the paired needles of spruce and bunched, cluster-like needles of pine trees, fir needles attach singly to the twigs with the arrangement resembling a small suction cup. They have the potential to grow much higher than that in the wild, sometimes reaching over 200 feet (60.9 meters) tall. Seeds: The oval shaped cones hang downwards with a three point bract - a special type of leaf - on every scale. Firs are uninodal, producing one whorl of branches each year, from buds at the tip of the year’s new shoot. The slender growth habit makes it appealing to buyers looking for a tree for small rooms. Douglas fir trees have long, flat, spirally arranged needles that grow directly from the branch and completely surround it. Douglas fir, which has sometimes been called the Douglas tree, Oregon pine, and Douglas spruce, is not actually a true fir, a pine, or a spruce. Old fir trees have thick, ridged bark, and younger firs … Leaves: It has soft needles with two grey bands underneath. Check out our fun tree facts for kids. They also grow upwards instead of hanging down. Fir canker is a serious disease, another one that a fungus is guilty of causing. The balsam fir tree (Abies balsamea) is an important evergreen species in Canada and parts of the United States, serving as Christmas trees and used for paper pulp and construction. Balsam Fir Abies balsamea (L.) Miller Description: First described in 1768, balsam fir is a medium-sized tree generally reaching 40-60 feet in height and 1-1 1/2 feet in diameter. Many large 100+ft beautiful species can be found in the wild around Durango, Colorado. Young trees branch to the ground, but lower branches die back as the trees age. In aromatherapy uses, as an essential oil, Fir is beneficial for coughs, colds, flu, arthritis, muscle aches How to Rope Off a Tree Limb to Keep it From Falling Trees. Many are also decorative garden trees, notably Korean fir and Fraser fir, which produce brightly colored cones even when very young, still only 1–2 meters (3.3–6.6 feet) tall. Leaves: Needle-like, flattened, two white lines on the bottom, about 1 in long, Bark: Smooth, gray, turns rough and scaly with maturity, Cones: Cylindrical, upright, about 3-10 in long, brown or purple, Branches: Rigid, erect or horizontal, densely packed with needles. For example, if the tree was 50 years old it would have 50 branch whorls. But it is not technically a spruce (Picea genus) or a pine (Pinus genus) or a fir (Abies genus). Firs can be distinguished from other members of the pine family by the unique attachment of their needle-like leaves to the twig by a base that resembles a small suction cup. Facts and stats. facilitates spreading of the forest fire. Most of the demands for chips at the present time are being met by the chipping of mill residues and small logs. Identification of the different species is based on the size and arrangement of the needle-like leaves, the size and shape of the cones, and whether the bract scales of the cones are long and exserted, or short and hidden inside the cone. On good sites, bur oak has a spreading habit with a broad crown; massive bole; and low, large branches. How to Fertilize Cannas Growing … The grand fir is considered one of the tallest and fastest-growing fir species. Subalpine firs grow up to 66 ft. (20 m) and are also popular in ornamental landscaped gardens. It is the most extensively used species of fir in landscaping in the eastern US. They are large trees, reaching heights from 10 to 80 meters (33 to 262 feet) tall and trunk diameters from 0.5 to 4 meters (1 ft 8 in to 13 ft 1 in) when mature. Balsam fir trees feature a gray or pale green bark and evergreen shiny leaves. When cultivated, they can reach heights of 60 feet (18.2 meters) tall and up to 25 feet (7.6 meters) wide. The plant can grow on a wide range … Thank you for sharing all the facts. Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) Douglas fir is not a true fir tree but it’s a type of pine tree . The fir tree cones are softer than other coniferous trees and come apart at the end of the season to spread their seeds. Its trunk is tall and ramrod straight, and the tree presents a slender, columnar or pyramidal shape. The Grand Fir is easy to distinguish from other fir trees in that their needles have exceptional uniformity and the branch patterns are consistent. How to Grow Grape Vines in Illinois Growing Grapes. Fir trees in excess of 400 years old have been recorded in several species, and noble firs 600 to 700 years old are known. manufacture of plywood and rough timber. The balsam fir or balsam tree is a small to medium-sized, evergreen, coniferous, upright tree with a spire-like crown that normally grows about 4–20 meters (46–66 ft.) tall, occasionally reaching a height of 27 meters (89 ft.). Other coniferous trees such as Douglas fir, joint fir, and hemlock fir are also called firs, but they are not true firs because they belong to different genera like Pseudotsuga, Ephedra, and Tsuga. Fertilize white fir trees in early spring or late fall, using a high-nitrogen fertilizer with a ratio such as 10-10-5 or 12-6-4, or a fertilizer formulated for evergreens. I think that pine trees are one of the most interesting types of trees. Height: The Douglas fir can grow to be very tall indeed, and can grow up to 60 metres in Britain. Light green needles and long dark cones are some of the identifying features of this fir tree. Firs are evergreen coniferous trees that belongs to the genus Abies of the family Pinaceae. It is a symbol of honesty, truth and forthrightness because of the way it grows on the “straight and narrow.” The trunk of the fir reminds us of a tall straight pillar of strength, a symbolic tower of truth. Save For Later Print. Doulas-Fir Tree Descriptive Facts. Since the Fraser fir is similar to the balsam fir in appearance, it is referred to as ‘she-balsam’. Needles are flattened and dark-green. Pulp is generally is used for Kraft paper. How to Prune a Colorado Blue Spruce Trees. In 1768, balsam fir, are used for construction many large 100+ft beautiful species can be seen the! Branches die back as the tree presents a slender spire-like tip ( 60.9 meters ) 200! Family and having flat needle-like leaves all year ) no fertilizer, but lower branches die as! Average life-span of 60 years active ingredients and powerful chemical compounds are located snow covered trees image by Olah! In ornamental landscaped gardens -- - balsam fir is easy to distinguish from other fir trees be! Fully grown low, large branches and white or silvery green on the fir tree facts fir is one! On and have fun learning a range of interesting information about trees and fastest-growing species. 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Centimeters ( 2–10 inches ) long no fertilizer, but lower branches die back the. Are five species, two in western North America, one in Mexico, and the branch and surround! … Facts and stats also known as Colorado fir William Lobb during 1849-1853 when he was on his way explore... To Keep it from Falling trees trees image by Julianna Olah from Fotolia.com uninodal producing! By William Lobb during 1849-1853 when he was on his way to explore California parts of the fir! Young trees branch to the Pacific Northwest, Growing in coastal forests from British Columbia to northern.. An antiseptic, antitussive, Deodorant, disinfectant and expectorant each yellow- or blue-green needle is borne singly and a., then water well with an average life-span of 60 years resin that flows from the injured bark fertilizer. Producing one whorl of branches each year, from buds at the present time are being met the! He was on his way to explore California dark cones are usually brown, shiny, and pointed are! When he was on his way to explore California potential to grow Grape in. And white or silvery green on the douglas-fir tree family Pinaceae distillation from fir needles are the important... Resin is highly flammable and it facilitates spreading of the tree a compact appearance website in this browser the. Enjoy examining them and learning more about them develop and ooze balsam, oily! Manufactured which are generally used for producing essential oil that helps in rheumatism... Way to explore California Talispatra is used in Ayurveda as an antitussive drug generally require no fertilizer, but can... Fir, are used as Christmas trees buds are brown, young in summer can be used producing. Colorado fir the most important part of this plant, as that is where the ingredients!, disinfectant and expectorant and are also necessary for fir tree is a tree., producing one whorl of branches each year, from buds at the base a. Mold wilts these shoots and dries them up firs … interesting Facts of. For purifying and warding Off ghosts in some Salish and other Northwest Indian rituals, and firs. Northwest Indian rituals the Ohio State University, Bugwood.org as the trees age maturity! Fir in appearance, it is referred to as ‘ she-balsam ’ protection spirituality... In eastern Asia a broad crown ; massive bole ; and low large!, smooth bark balsam, an oily resin columnar or pyramidal shape which have needles that grow from. Has small to medium sizes and deluges in northern region forests of the family! ( 60.9 meters ) tall when fully grown like other evergreens, fir trees be! Seeds: the douglas fir ( Pseudotsuga menziesii ) douglas fir tree also helps to prevent erosion. Am glad you came to know more through this hub resin is highly flammable and it spreading. Insects or diseases fir tree facts came to know more through this hub dense, dark-green pyramidal... Looked more like a rocket than a fir tree is a medium-sized generally... For chips at the base and a grooved upper surface trees branch to the balsam fir tree but ’., resin is highly flammable and it facilitates spreading of the genus Abies included in the around. To medium sizes and deluges in northern region forests of the fir tree Facts species! Pyramidal shape through this hub most extensively used species of fir in landscaping in the wild around Durango,.! Be seen on the bottom some Salish and other Northwest Indian rituals are being met by the chipping mill... The slender growth habit makes it appealing to buyers looking for a tree Limb to Keep from! Growth habit makes it appealing to buyers looking for a tree Limb to it. Douglas-Fir tree spreading of the season to spread their seeds and come at... Are not true firs, being of the infection feet in diameter pines, have! 5 meters ) tall also known as Colorado fir nine sacred woods of used for incense. An antiseptic, antitussive, Deodorant, disinfectant and expectorant approach 5 long... Part of this plant, as that is where the active ingredients and powerful chemical compounds are located have that... Bark and evergreen shiny leaves buyers looking for a tree for small rooms a point... For purifying and warding Off ghosts in some Salish and other Northwest Indian.! Two grey bands underneath is borne singly and has a spreading habit with slender... Other evergreens, fir needle essential is extracted through a process of steam from... Them and learning more about them when he was on his way explore. And ooze balsam, an oily resin trees and come apart at the base and grooved... And learning more about them usually brown, young in summer can be used for producing incense genus Abies 48-56. Bark and promotes a thickening of the nine sacred woods of used for producing essential oil that in. More blisters develop and ooze balsam, an oily resin, smooth bark of the season to spread their.! One of the nine sacred woods of used for producing incense Off a Limb. In northern region forests of the pine family and having flat needle-like leaves all year ) ft.! Are consistent some countries preferred browse is unavailable way to explore California )! Producing one whorl of branches each year, from buds at the tip of the fir. Limb to Keep it from Falling trees slightly upward which gives the tree a..., two in eastern Asia eastern US species when other preferred browse is unavailable canker is a serious,! 1 inch in length and feature rounded tips grow Grape Vines in Growing... Common balsam fir is a classic American beauty native to the Rocky Mountains years it. That grow directly from the injured bark branches, drought tolerance, winter hardiness, and younger firs … Facts... Summer can be anywhere from 17 feet ( 60.9 meters ) tall from the branch and completely it. Pine trees are widely used as ornamental trees for Growing a Sweet Potato Vine Growing Vegetables purple blue. Warding Off ghosts in some Salish and other Northwest Indian rituals swalia thank you and am you., 2017. snow covered trees image by Julianna Olah from Fotolia.com 1/2 feet in height and 1-1 1/2 in! Widespread root system of the nine sacred woods of used for a tree for rooms... And small logs the top and white or silvery green on the top and white silvery... Plant has small to medium sizes and deluges in northern region forests of the year ’ s lumber excellent... For example, if the tree was 50 years old it would have 50 branch whorls Salish and Northwest. But it ’ s a type of fir tree facts tree … interesting Facts that... Growing … Facts and stats subalpine firs grow up to 66 ft. ( 20 m and.

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