muscles used in tennis backhand

21(3),394-399. Firstly your feet movements used to jump and run are the first link, followed by the the rest of the chain with your legs, hips,trunk, arms and lastly your hand. Except in the phrase backhand volley, the term refers to a groundstroke (that is, one in which the ball has bounced before it is struck). Muscles Used In Tennis Backhand excruciating pains shooting up your arm. abs needed to twist. The rotator cuff, the muscles and tendons between the shoulder blade and arm bone, is important for hitting serves and forehands and for decelerating during follow-through. The purpose was to develop rotational hip and core strength in movement patterns and planes that are most used during tennis strokes . To broaden our understanding of muscle function during the tennis volley under different ball placement and speed conditions by examining the activity of selected superficial muscles of the stroking arm and shoulder (flexor carpi radialis, extensor carpi radialis, triceps brachii, deltoids, and pectoralis major) and muscles related to postural support (left and right external oblique, lumbar erector spinae, and … The motion that is most important in the backhand motion is the grip. With the use of such leg and thigh muscles, the tennis athlete would be able to effectively and efficiently execute his powerful backhand shot. That said, the major muscles involved would be in the arms and trunk, especially the biceps, deltoids and triceps muscles. bones used. wrists needed to move racquet. Hamstrings to run and bend. The muscles used in the kinetic chain are mostly used as impact, due to the nature of the sport. (1993). The athlete starts about 5 to 8 feet from a solid wall and loads the hips and core while also putting the oblique muscles on stretch. Calves needed to step and, jump and serve. The backhand is a tennis shot in which one swings the racquet around one's body with the back of the hand preceding the palm. (1993). What Muscles Are Used In A Tennis Serve? If you consider the complexity of stretching and movement of the muscles when playing tennis then you will appreciate the importance of warming up thoroughly and to gently prepare the muscles by stretching them properly. Deltoids needed to serve and overhead smash. The backhand stroke is one of the principal strokes of tennis. But, because of the differences in the stroke mechanics between the forehand and the backhand groundstroke, some muscles are emphasized more than others. An incorrect grip will always hold you back in some way when you’re hitting your strokes as it will force you to improvise in some way instead of allowing your body to swing in a bio-mechanically optimal way. *Not Affiliated, Sponsored or Endorsed by any University. An analysis of the muscles and joints used in a tennis forehand. Serving starts with the feet as the upper body begins to prepare for the impact of the ball on the racket. It is best to engage in functional exercises that will strengthen while also keep them loose and flexible. Also a few exercises that tennis players should do. Champaign, IL: Leisure Press Fig. This movement sequence will mimic the movement and muscles used in a wide forehand. Although the movement begins in your legs and travels up through the core, your upper body is responsible for the final execution and follow through on the shot. 1 2 3. bibliojuande. It involves a series of complex movements that start with your feet and ends up swinging a tennis racket. Two phases of a tennis backhand: preparation and shot . quads needed to run and dig out balls. The series of movements performed in tennis is called the kinetic chain. Learn how to put topspin on to make the shot more efficient. 2) Pronation of Racket-Arm’s Elbow The pectoral muscles include the deltoids and rotator cuff muscles which are a group of four muscles that support the shoulder joint. A one-handed backhand and a right-hand-dominant, two-handed backhand (for right-hand players) rely on comparatively weaker muscles, such as the triceps and anterior shoulder muscle, with the latissimus dorsi contributing as well. 2021,, The back also is commonly utilized as a source of stabilization and power during a backhand shot. Overhead Smash. Groppel, J. Quads to run and dig out balls. Thank Writer; Comment; Blurt; thanked the writer. Leg muscles should be used in the same way they are used in the tennis courts. Then the last muscles of the chain are the flexor and extensor of the forearm. triceps need for the backhand. This stroke can be performed using a one-handed or two-handed technique, however, the one -handed approach is more commonly associated with elbow injury[5]. Some players, especially those that continuously engage in bad form, are more at risk for chronic injuries, even, Muscles Involved in the Backhand Action of the Tennis Shot For the grip, the index knuckle of the dominant hand is placed on the top bevel. Thigh and leg muscles are illustrated below. While practicing and playing tennis will strengthen your upper body, conditioning these muscle groups off of the court will help your game. Abductor Pollicis brevis These muscles are smaller muscles and include; Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, "Muscles Involved In The Backhand Action Of The Tennis Shot" (2013, January 31) Retrieved January 8, 2021, from, "Muscles Involved In The Backhand Action Of The Tennis Shot" 31 January 2013. The use of the right side of the erector spinae increases steadily from the stat of the tennis serve all the way until the end (Chow et al., 2009). Instead of relying on the weaker muscles (triceps and shoulder) of the right side of your body to hit the backhand, you get to use the bigger muscles (pecs, delts, biceps) on the left side of your body. (1992). A proper grip is vital in any movement when playing tennis. calves needed to step and, jump and serve. A two-handed backhand also lets you play high-bouncing balls with topspin and power. We hope that the data we obtained for the effect of plyometric exercises on the tennis players’ arm and leg strengths, forehand and backhand stroke velocities and rate of hitting the target shall light the way for the studies to be realized in the future. To find out more or to book your court, contact our friendly team today! The muscles that allow for this internal rotation of the shoulder from the racket drop position to the contact point are the Subscapularis, Latissimus Dorsi, Teres Major and>Pectoralis Major muscles. Abs needed to twist. Bahamonde, R. (1992). fingers needed to grip and hold racquet. It requires a honed and well trained muscular system to perform with the required power and speed needed. The stroke’s aim is to hit the ball over the net and inside the lines of the opponent’s side of the court. During the backswing of the forehand groundstroke (Figure 1.5a), the gastrocnemius, soleus, quadriceps, gluteals and hip rotators contract eccentrically to load the lower legs and begin the hip rotation. Telemetry EMG was used to assess the muscle activity of the anterior deltoid and the forearm extensor muscles during the forehand and backhand strokes of tennis in a selected group of test subjects. At, we provide students the tools they need to streamline their studying, researching, and writing tasks. MEDICINE BALL WALL OPEN STANCE. The power and energy is then transferred to the next link which is the gluteus maximus and medius otherwise known as your butt muscles. Muscles used in Field Hockey Learn about the Muscles used in Field Hockey. The abs which are famous for your “six pack” consist of the rectus abdominis which runs from the ribs to the front of the pubic bone and the transverse abdominus which wraps around the midsection. A game of Tennis requires high amounts of blood flow in the body. The lats or latissimus dorsi muscles are the largest muscles in the back and together with the abs they support the torso as a whole. Completely different than something like swimming and running. The power behind every shot in tennis is generated through a series of body segments or links referred to as the kinetic chain. The lob is used to put the ball over an opponents head. Answer . "In this study the authors investigated the wrist kinematics (flexion/extension), grip pressures and wrist muscle electromyographic (EMG) activity in novice and expert tennis players performing the [1 handed] backhand stroke. . Electronic Inspiration LLC. The serve is very similar to the forehand stroke but relies more on the shoulders. In tennis players, the backhand stroke causes injury by overloading the wrist extensor muscles attaching into the lateral epicondyle. Playing tennis involves more muscles than simply your arm and wrists. Entrada más reciente Entrada antigua Inicio. Suscribirse a: Enviar comentarios (Atom) Mi lista de blogs. Backhand Swing Dominant Side: Rhomboids and middle trapezius, posterior deltoid, middle deltoid, shoulder external rotators, triceps, serratus anterior. The kinetic links of the upper body include the major muscles of the chest, shoulders, upper back and arms. [online] Retrieved from: [Accessed: 31 Jan 2013]. These include two of the rotator cuff muscles namely the teres minor and the infraspinatus. Triceps for the backhand. It is used frequently during all stages of a tennis match or a practice, and is therefore an extremely important skill for any tennis player to master. American Journal of Sports Medicine. This single moment of forgetfulness, followed by the seemingly long minutes of cowering over your arm, indicates that you have tennis elbow. Tennis elbow is an agonizing pain in the elbow that has distinct causes, symptoms, treatment plans, and preventative actions. 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